A Conversation Around The Complexities and Intersectionality of Sex Work

Last December the Supreme Court of Canada delivered a landmark unanimous decision regarding the rights of individuals who do sex work. Recently, we have been seeing proposed resolutions and political discussions around the legalization of sex work.

Here is a conversation broadcasted on Unfiltered with Jill Kropp, Global TV, with our Executive Director Angela Marie MacDougall, Carissa Ropponen, WAVAW Executive and Development Assistant, and Sangeeta Lalli, Liberal Party of BC Organization Chair,Young Liberals in BC, stepping out of the binary, addressing some of the essential questions that need to be asked and highlighting the complexities and intersectionality entailed in this issue.

Local Community Groups Form Consortium to Create Services and Support for Those Who Wish To Exit the Sex Industry

In an effort to respond to the existing gaps and effectively meet the needs of  those who do sex work, six community organizations with a vast range of expertise in delivering services to individuals engaged in the sex industry have formed a Consortium to oversee the design, development and implementation of a transition and exiting program. Read more here…


Last year, Battered Women’s Support Services responded to over 10,000 crisis calls from women and girls to get help and end violence. We could not provide this essential support without your contribution.


How can we improve public transit safety for women?

Our Executive Director Angela Marie MacDougall was live on The Early Edition at CBC to discuss Sexual Assault, Safety and Public Transit with Rick Cluff, Katie Nordgren, and Sergeant Wendy Hawthone.

Download and listen the postcast here. The following is a rush transcription of the interview:

Rick Cluff (RC): Chances are you’re getting ready to hop on the bus or train right now, and taking transit is usually a pretty mundane part of life, even boring at times, and taking transit is not supposed to be scary.  Transit Police say a number of sexual harassment incidents on buses and sky trains is on the rise and last week a White Rock man was arrested at Surrey Central bus loop after allegedly rubbing up against a 21 year woman on the bus.  Now according to a website launched recently by two SFU students, sexual harassment happens all too frequently on Translink.  Katie Nordgren is on of the site’s creators.

Katie Nordgren (KN):  You know I expected things to be shocking, but, there have been death threats, there have been rape threats, it has just been absolutely astounding to see what people have gone through simply trying to get from one place to another in the city.

RC: That’s Katie Nordgren, one of the creators of the website “Harassment On Translink” which gets several submissions a week.  Well tonight at UBC there’s a round table discussion about making transit safe for women and we’re joined in the studio by two of tonight’s speakers: Wendy Hawthorne, who’s a sergeant with Metro Vancouver Transit Police and Angela Marie McDougall who is the Executive Director of Battered Women’s Support Services.  Good morning to you both.

Angela Marie MacDougall (AMM): Good morning.

Sergeant Wendy Hawthone (SWH): Good morning.

RC:  Sergeant, let me start with you, what can you tell us about this latest sexual assault on transit?

SWH: The news release just came out and it’s one of our priorities for 2014.  It’s always been a priority but the chief has made this one of our major priorities this year in our commitment to be proactive in sex offense investigations and we are taking them very seriously.  We’re educating the public, encouraging them to report such incidents as this.

RC: This is the whole “If you see something say something.”

SWH:  See something, say something.  We need to know right away and this is a prime example where we were informed, a witness came and reported it and we were able to be there and arrest the individual when the bus came in to Surrey Central, I believe it was, and that is what our goal is for 2014, to be proactive and keep our system safe.

RC: You’re also asking for the public’s help identifying yet another suspect, what can you tell us about that case?

SWH: That was an incident at the Gateway sky train station.  Our victim was using the machine to purchase a fare.  She was an English second language student that had newly arrived to Canada and the gentleman in the video that we released to the news offered her assistance and helped her buy the ticket and then promptly started to hug and kiss her.  It took quite a while before she actually reported it, so we were very fortunate to be able to still continue our investigation and get this video out and we want to identify this individual.

RC:  How common are incidents like these?

SWH: We believe it is far more common than we would like to admit.  We believe that only about ten percent of incidents of sex harassment and assault are reported to police, not just transit police, but all police.  So we are really encouraging the victims to come forward and witnesses, as well.

RC:  And how many are reported when you say ten percent, what’s that number?

SWH: I don’t have those numbers, I’m afraid, today.

RC: Angela, what goes through your mind when you hear these things?

AMM: Well, I think one of the most challenging aspects of taking public transportation as a woman is enduring those boys and men who exploit the shared space and put our safety in jeopardy.  I think that this particular type of gender violence where we experience sexual harassment and sexual assault on public transportation is endemic and it’s an epidemic, not only in this region here but across the lands.  If we think about, we’ve all heard about the horrific sexual assault that happened in India where a woman was raped and who died as a result of her injuries, that happened on a bus.  And so, you know, across the lands there are efforts to address gender violence in this way, sexual harassment and sexual assault on public transportation.  So what comes to mind is that we’re just starting this process here, in this region, and it matters very much that we are speaking to this because some of the surveys that have been done in other regions, Manhattan is one, notes that four percent are actually reported and that for the women that we deal with, myself and other women, we’ve all experienced some form of sexual harassment or sexual assault while on public transportation and you know, it’s not as if this issue is not within the context of gender violence as a whole, where we’re not only not safe on public transportation, but also not in our homes, and in our work places.

RC: Sergeant, transit is crowded, how do you distinguish between what is sexual assault and what might be innocent accidental bumping?

SWH: I think basically we want to investigate everything and that’s for us to determine in that investigation what the intent is.  Any unwanted touching of a sexual nature is a sexual assault.  We realize it is crowded and that is why we are educating our passengers, not just women, (I want to say this, the vast majority are, but we have had some incidents involving males) to use the tools we can give to them to protect themselves and to determine that, and when in doubt, what’s most important is yes, tell us, and let us investigate.

RC: What are those tools?

SWH: The tools are to understand the safety features that are there: the yellow strip, the emergency strip on the window, it’s a silent alarm that indicates where your train is and that you need assistance there, it’s silent, it’ll bring a staff member, generally an attendant on the train to check things out.  There is an emergency speaker phone on the train as well and emergency cabinets on all of our platforms.  As well on buses we encourage women to sit in aisle seats so that they don’t become sort of against a window and blocked from access.  Be Aware of your environment, we tend to tune out.  We have a little hand out device advice and it tells people put one earphone in instead of two and be aware and listen and look at people around in your environment.

RC: So Angela, what do you have to accomplish at tonight’s round table?

AMM: I think the biggest piece that we have to do is to really draw attention to this.  We know that there are sizeable number of men who are engaging in this forum of gender violence and that we want to speak of course about how women can be safe but we also want men to stop.  There are actually men who will go on to a skytrain or a bus for that purpose, in order to do sexual violence to a woman, on the skytrain, on the bus and we want that to stop.  So, tonight, I think it’s really important for us to talk about this, for women to share their stories and to not only talk about the ways in which law enforcement plays a role, but really to look at the way in which the community can take this on.  And to look at a number of different campaigns and tools and ways that we can make change.

RC: You talk about changing the culture on transit, what do you mean by that?

AMM: Well, I mean, I think we have a culture on transit right now where those that seek to do sexual violence against women and girls do so with impunity.  The very first thing that we need to do is to say that out loud, and to recognize that this is a reality, and to begin empowering women and bystanders to speak their reality, and also to say to those men and boys that would do that behaviour to stop.

RC:  Let me put to you the same question I put to Wendy and that was, often we hear victims don’t come forward because they don’t know whether what happened was worth reporting so what actually constitutes sexual harassment on transit as opposed to, as I mentioned, innocent bumping or jostling on a crowded skytrain or bus?

AMM: Well we all know we’re not talking about innocent jostling or bumping, we’re talking about predatory behaviour.  We know what it is when we feel it, we know what it is when we experience it and when we see it.  There’s often no doubt when we experience it.  The doubt comes after the fact, in terms of whether somebody is going to take us seriously.  So this event tonight, this conversation we’re having right now is to say that we take it seriously and that there is significant impact for those of us that experience sexual assault, harassment on transit, and that includes anxiety, fear about being in public spaces, having tremendous amounts of intense fear, sleep disturbances, nightmares.  For those women that have come forward, it just takes time.  It’s not something necessarily that we want to talk about right away because we’re worried that we’re not going to be believed or that we’re going to be blamed.  And that blame for being out at night, for talking with somebody, for having our headphones on, for not using the strip, whatever the list of the things that we could be blamed for.  So we like to put the behaviour and the accountability for those that would seek to do that predatory action.  And the part about us is talking about it as women, but we want, you know, men to understand that this is an issue around men’s behaviour and we want more and more men to speak about this as an issue for men and the culture of masculinity.

RC:  Well, best of luck with the event tonight.

SWH:  And, just, transit police are committed to listen and we just want to let people know we have, you can text us now at 877777.  It’s real time.  If you witness, or you’re a victim, anywhere in the lower mainland on public transit we will get your message, we transcend all police jurisdictions, so if we can’t be there we’ll get our police partners out there.  And we will be having an app coming out in the near future as well.  We are committed to making our transit system safe for all our passengers, and in particular in this area.

RC:  Thank you both for coming in this morning.

AMM: Thank you Rick.

SWH: Thank you.

RC: Wendy Hawthorne, Sergeant with the Vancouver Transit Police and Angela Marie MacDougall, the Executive Director of Battered Women’s Support Services.


2013 Collective Action for Safe Spaces’ Transit Safety Survey shows that 67% of women almost never feel safe taking public transit late at night.

  • 72 percent of respondents use public transit late at night (12am or later) at least once a month, with nearly half (47 percent) using public transit late at night at least once a week.
  • The majority of respondents indicated that they feel safe only “some of the time” (43 percent), “hardly ever” (17 percent), or “never” (7 percent) while taking public transit alone, while with less than one-third indicating that they felt safe either “always” or “most of the time.”
  • Nearly 30 percent indicated they use taxis late at night at least once a week, and 50 percent indicate that they feel safe taking taxis late at night by themselves.
  • However, cost is often a barrier and over 40 percent responded that they “sometimes” or “often” walk or bike late at night because they cannot afford to take a taxi.

And, though sadly this may not come as a surprise to the many of us who frequently experience street harassment, survey respondents shared that they had experienced the following forms of sexual harassment and assault while walking, biking, riding public transportation, or taking taxis or car services late at night:

  • 90 percent experienced at least one form of harassment or assault
  • 83 percent experienced verbal harassment
  • 71 percent experienced leering
  • 39 percent experienced following/stalking behaviors
  • 20 percent were rubbed up against
  • 8 percent experienced groping, public exposure/flashing and public masturbation

Tonight join us at Women Trasforming Cities Café XIV: Sexual Assault, Safety and Public Transit Women for an evening of discussion and planning for action on this critical issue.


Last year, Battered Women’s Support Services responded to over 10,000 crisis calls from women and girls to get help and end violence. We could not provide this essential support without your contribution.


BC Government refuses to fund victims support during the 2010 Olympic/Paralympic Games while billions spent on security.

BC Government refuses to fund victims support
during the 2010 Olympic/Paralympic Games
while billions spent on security.

While Canada invites the world to play it up in our communities, several Vancouver and Sea to Sky Corridor community-based agencies are expected to provide service to international women and children experiencing domestic and sexual assault with zero additional funding.

“In addition to meeting the regular demands of our programming, community based agencies are expected to absorb the anticipated 10 to 36% increase in violence against women and children during the Olympics,” says Tara Franz, Executive Director of the Howe Sound Women’s Centre.

After 2 years of monthly discussions with the provincial government, and four months to go to the opening ceremony, victim service agencies have been told they are “on their own” to service the needs of both local and international victims of domestic and sexual assault.

“This issue of violence against women during the Winter Games is coalescing organizations in the anti-violence sector from Whistler to Vancouver. We are concerned about the demand on services because we want to support international visitors during their stay. We would like our provincial government to recognize we need their help,” explains Angela Marie MacDougall, Executive Director of Battered Women Support Services.

Contact:     Tara Franz, Executive Director, Howe Sound Women’s Centre, 604-892-5748
Shannon Cooley Herdman, Women’s Programs Manager, HSWC, 604-892-5748
Irene Tsepnopoulos-Elhaimer, Executive Director, WAVAW, 604-771-1715
Angela Marie MacDougall, Executive Director, BWSS, 604-808-0507

Developing Safety Strategies for Aboriginal Women on Highways

Developing Safety Strategies for Aboriginal Women on Highways

In Canada, Aboriginal women are five times more likely than other women to die as a result of violence, and the numbers of Aboriginal women who go missing without a trace are staggering.

This is perhaps best known in Vancouver as a result of the eventual investigation into the disappearances of over 60 women from the Downtown Eastside. It is also being recognized as an issue in Northern BC on the ‘Highway of Tears’ where at least 18 women and girls have vanished. Current statistics state that there are 137 missing Aboriginal women in BC.  This problem spreads across the country, and there are reports that more than 500

Aboriginal women are missing in Canada. In response to this crisis, Amnesty International has tabled two reports – Stolen Sisters (2004) and No More Stolen Sisters (2009).

Since 1994, Battered Women’s Support Services has been working in the fight to bring public awareness to the ongoing problem of missing and murdered women. In April of this year, BWSS was given a recent report from the FBI called the Highway Serial Killings Initiative. This report exposes the clear connection between long-haul truckers and cases of missing and/or murdered women in the United States. With this information, BWSS began looking into a possible connection between the cases of missing and murdered women in Western Canada and the trucking industry.

This project will develop research that supports the creation of an inter-provincial coalition and safety model to reduce the risk of harm to Aboriginal women on western Canadian highways. While both students will work together on this project, the scope is large enough that the two research areas will be distinctly different. Following is a more detailed breakdown of the proposed work to be accomplished.

Tanisha will focus her annotated bibliography on literature that specifically addresses issues in policy and legislation relating to the investigations into disappearances and murders of women (law enforcement responses, jurisdictional problems, etc). Jamie will research structural and causative issues that lead to abductions and murders of women (MCFD (child protection), trucking industry, safety, etc).

Through this community research project we will seek to  implement strategies that work for systemic change, industry engagement and to seek justice for women and their families.

The Singer is the Song…The Silence is Over

The Singer is the Song…The Silence is Over

Troy Westwood, storied singer-songwriter, Little Hawk, has a message for men: staying silent about violence against women makes you a part of the problem. He tells them: take action now. Take responsibility to end violence against our mothers, our sisters, our daughters and every woman we do not know, she who is still a part of us.

And Troy is not standing alone with his message. Read this edition of Women Making Waves, which, for the first time in its 25-year history, opens its pages to the voices of men who are working – not pledging – but working to end violence against women.

Byron Hurt, an award-winning documentary filmmaker, writer and an anti-sexist activist, writes about the first time he spoke out against men’s violence against women. His work continues. Dennis Danforth Jr, a member of the Oneida First Nation, describes how he teaches children to honour and respect women and, through his work with Masc Magazine, encourages men to accept that they bear the largest responsibility to end violence against women. Sebastian Roberts’ life was transformed through a personal tragedy leading him to work in Africa where he came to understand that “Sexism is an invisible plague that is taking the lives of women around the world.” He intends to return to Africa to do his part to end, “this chauvinistic madness.”

Over the past two years, Battered Women’s Support Services has worked within communities of men to welcome them into the movement to end violence against women. In this issue of Women Making Waves, we report on the power of men’s commitment to anti-violence work.